The M14, Not Much For Fighting ( A Case Against The M14 Legend )



There is no federal license to own a machinegun, nor has there ever been any sort of federal license to own a machinegun. Navy ships carry several M14s in their armories.

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Benning tests, the T25 was renamed the T The T44 participated in a competitive service rifle competition conducted by the Infantry Board at Ft. Army facilities in the Arctic. In June , funding was finally made available to manufacture newly fabricated T44 receivers specially designed for the shorter T65 cartridge. Benning with the T44 and T48 continued through the summer and fall of TRW would later be awarded a production contract for the rifle as well.

Production M14 rifles made by Springfield Armory and Winchester used forged receivers and bolts milled from AISI steel, a low-carbon molybdenum-chromium steel. After the M14's adoption, Springfield Armory began tooling a new production line in , delivering the first service rifles to the U.

Army in July However, long production delays resulted in the st Airborne Division being the only unit in the Army fully equipped with the M14 by the end of Springfield Armory records reflect that M14 manufacture ended as TRW, fulfilling its second contract, delivered its final production increment in Fiscal Year 1 July '64 — 30 June ' The Springfield archive also indicates the 1.

The rifle served adequately during its brief tour of duty in Vietnam. However, there were several drawbacks to the M The traditional wood stock of the rifle had a tendency to swell and expand in the heavy moisture of the jungle, adversely affecting accuracy.

Fiberglass stocks were produced to resolve this problem, but the rifle was discontinued before very many could be distributed for field use. Also, because of the M14's powerful 7. It was thought that in this manner the M14 could simplify the logistical requirements of the troops by limiting the types of ammunition and parts needed to be supplied.

It proved to be an impossible task to replace all four, and the weapon was even deemed "completely inferior" to the World War II M1 in a September report by the comptroller of the Department of Defense. The M14 remained the primary infantry weapon in Vietnam until it was replaced by the M16 in —, though combat engineer units kept them several years longer.

Further procurement of the M14 was abruptly halted in late due to the above mentioned Department of Defense report which had also stated that the AR soon to be M16 was superior to the M14 DOD did not cancel FY orders not yet delivered. After the report, a series of tests and reports by the United States Department of the Army followed that resulted in the decision to cancel the M Though production of the M14 was officially discontinued, some disgruntled troops managed to hang on to them while deriding the early model M16 as a frail and under-powered " Mattel toy" [21] that was prone to jam.

In late , the U. The M14 rifle remained the standard rifle for U. Army Basic Training and troops stationed in Europe until Army also converted several thousand M14s into the M21 sniper rifle , which remained standard issue for this purpose until the adoption of the M24 SWS in Although the M14 was phased out as the standard-issue rifle by , M14 variants are still used by various branches of the U.

Military as well as other armed forces, especially as a sniper rifle and as a designated marksman rifle , due to its excellent accuracy and effectiveness at long range. Since the start of these conflicts, many M14s have been employed as designated marksman and sniper rifles. These are not M21 rifles , but original production M14s. Common modifications include scopes, fiberglass stocks, and other accessories. The 1st Battalion of the 3rd United States Infantry Regiment "The Old Guard" in the Military District of Washington is the sole remaining regular United States Army combat field unit where the M14 is still issued as the standard rifle, along with a chromed bayonet and an extra wooden stock with white sling for military funerals , parades, and other ceremonies.

Navy ships carry several M14s in their armories. They are issued to sailors going on watch out on deck in port, and to Backup Alert Forces. The M14 is also used to shoot a large rubber projectile to another ship when underway to start the lines over for alongside refueling and replenishment. Various sniper variants have been used by the United States Navy SEALs , often mistaken with M21 in the overt literature, only one of them has received a standard name in the U.

These sniper variants have probably been replaced by the Mk 11 Mod 0 , selected in According to Black Hawk Down: The M25 was first planned as a replacement for the old M21, but after the Army adoption of the M24 SWS as its standard sniper rifle, the M25 was intended to be used by spotters of the sniper teams, while the snipers would use the bolt-action M Though the M14 has remained in service longer than any U.

Army for a shorter span of time than almost any other service rifle. The Philippine government issues M14 rifles, as well as M1 carbines, M1 rifles and M16 rifles, to their civilian defense forces and to various cadet corps in their service academies. The Greek Navy also uses the M M14 production Springfield tooling and assembly line was sold in to the Republic of China Taiwan , who in began producing their Type 57 Rifle. The State Arsenal of the Republic of China produced over 1 million of these rifles from to the present under model numbers of M and M14S.

Other than the surface finish difference it is essentially a US rifle. It is still used by the reserves and as a backup defense weapon and used for airport guards. The M14 rifle was first furnished with a walnut stock, then with birch and finally with a synthetic stock. The stock was also fitted with a hinged shoulder rest for improved user comfort when firing from a prone position.

These stocks also carried a proof stamp, a P within a circle, applied after successful test-firing. Rifles manufactured through late were provided with walnut handguards. Thereafter synthetic, slotted ventilated hand guards were furnished but proved too fragile for military use. These were replaced by the solid synthetic part still in use, usually in dark brown, black or a camouflage pattern. Standard M14 rifling has right-hand twist in 1: Although M14 rifle production ended in , the limited standard status of the weapon resulted in the continued manufacture of accessories and spare parts into the late s and beyond.

The M15 was a modified M14 developed as a replacement for the M Browning Automatic Rifle for use as a squad automatic weapon. It added a heavier barrel and stock, a hinged buttplate, a selector switch for fully automatic fire, and a bipod. The sling was from the BAR. Like the M14, it was chambered for 7.

Firing tests showed that the M14, when equipped with the selector switch, hinged buttplate and bipod, performed as well as the M As a result, the M15 was dropped and the modified M14 became the squad automatic weapon.

Accuracy and control problems with this variant led to the addition of a pistol grip , a folding rubber covered metal foregrip and a muzzle stabilizer. The final design was designated as the M14A1. The M14E1 was tested with a variety of folding stocks to provide better maneuverability and the like for armored infantry, paratroopers and others.

No variant was standardized. Selective fire version of the standard M14 used as a squad automatic weapon. Successor to the short-lived M15 rifle. The developmental model was known as the M14E2. First designated as M14E2 when it was issued in and redesignated as M14A1 in The M14M is a semi-automatic only version of the standard M14 that was developed for use in civilian rifle marksmanship activities such as the Civilian Marksmanship Program.

M14M rifles were converted from existing M14 rifles by welding the select-fire mechanism to prevent full-automatic firing. Stand-off Munition Disruption , used by Explosive Ordnance Disposal personnel to destroy unexploded ordnance. Essentially an M14 National Match rifle with scope.

The Mk 14 Enhanced Battle Rifle is a more tactical version of the M14, with a shorter inch barrel, a retractable stock and multiple rails for more accessories. Designated marksman version of the M14, used by the U. Replaced by the M39 Enhanced Marksman Rifle. Produced and delivered for testing at the Fort Bragg sniper school. The M21 and M25 are accurized sniper rifle versions, built to closer tolerances than the standard M These are the more standard sniper rifle variants of the M During the first year of production, Armscorp receivers were supplied by Smith Manufacturing of Holland, Ohio, which were heat treated and finish machined by Armscorp.

A few receivers with an 'S' serial number prefix were made of stainless steel. The Greek Navy also uses the M M14 production tooling was sold in to the Republic of China Taiwan , who in began producing their Type 57 Rifle. The State Arsenal of the Republic of China produced over 1 million of these rifles from to the present under model numbers of M and M14S. The M15 was a modified M14 developed as a replacement for the M Browning Automatic Rifle for use as a squad automatic weapon.

It added a heavier barrel and stock , a hinged buttplate, a selector switch for fully automatic fire, and a bipod. The sling was from the BAR. Like the M14, it was chambered for 7.

Firing tests showed that the M14, when equipped with the selector switch, hinged buttplate and bipod, performed as well as the M As a result, the M15 was dropped and the modified M14 became the squad automatic weapon. Accuracy and control problems with this variant led to the addition of a pistol grip , a folding rubber covered metal foregrip and a muzzle stabilizer. The final design was designated as the M14A1.

The M14E1 was tested with a variety of folding stocks to provide better maneuverability and the like for armored infantry, paratroopers and others. No variant was standardized. Selective fire version of the standard M14 used as a squad automatic weapon. Successor to the short-lived M15 rifle. The developmental model was known as the M14E2. First designated as M14E2 when it was issued in and redesignated as M14A1 in The M14M is a semi-automatic only version of the standard M14 and was developed for use in civilian rifle marksmanship activities such as the Civilian Marksmanship Program.

M14M rifles were converted from existing M14 rifles by welding the select-fire mechanism to prevent full-automatic firing. Stand-off Munition Disruption , used by Explosive Ordnance Disposal personnel to destroy unexploded ordnance. Essentially an M14 National Match rifle with scope. Shorter 18 inch barrel , more tactical version of the M14, with a retractable stock and multiple rails for more accessories.

An M14 in bullpup configuration first introduced by Sardius in the s. Produced and delivered for testing at the Fort Bragg sniper school. The M21 and M25 are accurized sniper rifle versions, built to closer tolerances than the standard M These are the more-standard sniper rifle variants of the M Border Patrol Agent with M14 during a law enforcement memorial service.

This rifle has a custom-made short barrel with a custom-made flash suppressor , shortened operating rod, and employs a unique gas tube system. Fully automatic versions have a removable flash suppressor. Semi-automatic versions of which very few were made have a silver-brazed flash hider to comply with the requirement that Title I firearms have a 16" barrel.

Most M14Ks employ the M60 gas tube system. Some late-model M14Ks employ a custom-designed and manufactured gas system. Both are intended to control the rate of fire in fully automatic mode. The rear sight is a custom-made National Match type aperture, and the front sight is a custom-made narrow blade, wing-protected sight to take advantage of the additional accuracy afforded by the special barrel.

The stocks and handguards on M14Ks are shortened versions of the GI birch or walnut stock, but make use of the original front ferrule. The front sling mount is relocated slightly to rear, to accommodate the shortened stock. Most handguards are of the solid, fiberglass variety albeit shortened , but a limited number were made with shortened wood handguards. The steel buttplate was deleted in favor of a rubber recoil paid, that greatly reduces perceived recoil.

These too had the shortened stocks and handguards, making for an extremely compact package especially suited to vehicular and airborne operations. These are by far one of the rarest variants of the M14K. The standard rifle is known as the M1A. The company produces several variations of the basic rifle with different stocks, barrel weights, barrel lengths, and other optional features.

The Springfield M1A and its model variants have been widely distributed in the U. The M14 rifle was first furnished with a walnut stock, then with birch and finally with a synthetic stock. Original equipment walnut and birch stocks carry the Department of Defense acceptance stamp or cartouche an arc of three stars above a spread-winged eagle.

These stocks also carried a proof stamp, a P within a circle, applied after successful test-firing. Rifles manufactured through late were provided with walnut handguards. Thereafter synthetic, slotted ventilated hand guards were furnished but proved too fragile for military use.

These were replaced by the solid synthetic part still in use, usually in dark brown, black or a camouflage pattern. An International Security Assistance Force soldier scans for activity during a combat patrol in Afghanistan, Standard M14 rifling has right-hand twist in 1: Although M14 rifle production ended in , the limited standard status of the weapon resulted in the continued manufacture of accessories and spare parts into the late s and beyond.

Sign In Don't have an account? Contents [ show ]. Mk 14 Enhanced Battle Rifle. M39 Enhanced Marksman Rifle. The Illustrated Directory of 20th Century Guns. TM , Operator's Manual for Rifle, 7. National Affairs Newsweek, Vol. The Stackpole Company , p. Retrieved on September 24, Retrieved from " http: M14 rifle without magazine. Battle rifle , designated marksman rifle , sniper rifle.