Actions of the Hohenzollern Redoubt
Due to this translation error, Dalon was incorrectly held to be the present day Rheindahlen. British trenches shown in blue, German in red, 13 October The word Dale is derived in this case from Dal , which means "valley" or "hollow" and is similar to the English word "dale". The act was published in the Prussian Ministerial Record on 15 February The Guards Division had 2, casualties during the Battle of Loos.
The Germans firing from Mad Point, were forced to change targets to the 28th Brigade on the left which was attacking directly towards the point, which gave the battalion enough time to reach Fosse Trench at 7: The miners' cottages ahead had been captured by the right-hand battalion and by 7: Many more casualties had been incurred by this battalion and a supporting battalion had advanced to reinforce it, which had then been caught by machine-guns firing from Mad Point and also had many casualties.
The battalions at the objective were ordered to dig in and consolidate Corons Trench to cover Fosse 8, because the 2nd Division to the north had been repulsed from Auchy village. The alternative plan was implemented to form a defensive flank facing north-east from Fosse 8 to Haisnes village. A further advance towards Haisnes was made impossible, when the 28th Brigade was stopped in front of Madagascar "Mad" Trench and the area around Fosse 8 was consolidated to be ready for a counter-attack from the north or the north-east.
Consolidation of Corons Trench was made difficult by the Germans, who had opened a sluice as they withdrew and flooded the trench knee-deep. The infantry and a field company dug a step above the water-level, as German troops in communication trenches nearby, inflicted many more casualties with machine-gun and rifle-fire. German artillery fired on the area from the vicinity of Haisnes until the British 9. A telephone line was installed to brigade headquarters but was cut so often that only three messages were passed during the day.
A line from the observers at the Dump to the heavy artillery, remained open all day. A German attack on 29 September failed, due to a lack of hand grenades, after which they reorganised their troops.
By this time major fighting over most of the rest of the Loos battlefield had come to an end. By 3 October had been fought back virtually to their initial position at the cost of thousands of lives and on 8 October the Guards Division was eventually able to repulse a German attack by the rd and th divisions and part of the 7th Division on the left flank.
The German artillery preparation had been inaccurate due to fog and the German infantry were stopped by uncut wire and an alert British defence, assisted by French troops north of Hill 70, the German attackers losing 3, casualties. The division suffered a similar fate to the two German divisions on 8 October, losing 3, casualties, mostly in the first ten minutes.
The gas clouds had little effect due to high winds and bright sunlight and artillery support had been minimal, due to a lack of ammunition.
The official history of the war suggested that "The fighting on the 13th—14th October had not improved the general situation in any way and had brought nothing but useless slaughter of infantry. The 9th Division lost 6, casualties and the 46th Division 3, men.
The Guards Division had 2, casualties during the Battle of Loos. Over the winter months, the th Tunnelling Company RE dug several galleries under the German lines, in the Hohenzollern Redoubt area, which had changed hands several times since September In March , the Germans had an unobstructed view of the British positions, from a slag heap named Fosse 8 and in previous mining operations, no man's land had become a crater field.
The British front line was held by outposts, to reduce the number of troops vulnerable to mine explosions and the strain of knowing that the ground could erupt at any moment. The 12th Eastern Division was selected to conduct an attack, intended to capture the crater field, gain observation from crater lips over the German defences back to Fosse 8 and end the threat of German mine attacks.
Four mines, the largest yet sprung by the British, were detonated on 2 March, then followed up by two battalions of infantry, which captured the new craters, several German occupied craters, Triangle Crater that had been unknown to the British.
The main entrance of the German mine galleries was discovered in the crater and the th Tunnelling Company crossed no man's land to demolish the entrance. German counter-attacks concentrated on the recovery of Triangle Crater, which was re-captured on 4 March. The recovery by the Germans of the gallery entrance threatened the positions captured by the British, who attacked Triangle Crater on 6 March but were repulsed. British tunnellers got into the German gallery system from a British tunnel and were able to demolish the system on 12 March, which relieved the threat of another German mine attack.
Skirmishing around the craters diminished and it was thought that the Germans were concentrating on consolidating new positions. On 18 March, the Germans surprised the British with five mines, which had been quietly dug through the clay layer above the chalk. The German attack had nearly as much success as the British attack on 2 March and forced back the British to the original front line, before local counter-attacks regained some of the craters. When the fighting died down after 19 March, both sides occupied the near lips of the craters.
Brigadier-General Cator, the 37th Brigade commander, recommended that attempts to occupy craters should end and the near lips be held instead, because they were death traps against howitzer and mortar fire and because the expected observation from the crater lip, was obstructed by its convex shape and large lumps of chalk brought to the surface by the explosions.
The following soldiers received the Victoria Cross in connection with operations at the Hohenzollern Redoubt:. Data taken from Edmonds, J. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Action of the Hohenzollern Redoubt. This article may be confusing or unclear to readers. In particular, it mixes discussion of the 25 September Loos offensive with the Actions of the Hohenzollern Redoubt 13—19 October.
Please help us clarify the article. There might be a discussion about this on the talk page. December Learn how and when to remove this template message. Autumn battles, Champagne and Artois Local operations, December — June Aerial photograph of the Hohenzollern Redoubt, World War I portal. Military Operations France and Belgium Battles of Aubers Ridge, Festubert and Loos.
Military Operations France and Belgium, Sir Douglas Haig's Command to the 1st July: Battle of the Somme. The History of the 9th Scottish Division — online ed. Retrieved 31 December Retrieved 13 September Germany's Western Front, Wilfrid Laurier University Press.
History of the 12th Eastern Division in the Great War, — Retrieved 25 October In Search of Ruritania: Annual rainfall is around millimetres, with July being the most precipitous and September being the least precipitous month. Summers are usually warm and winters, due to maritime climate, mild. Whilst Rheindahlen-Mitte is limited to the town intself and the surrounding streets and residential areas that grew up after the Second World War , Rheindahlen-Land covers 36 so-called Honschaften around the centre of Rheindahlen, as follows:.
Overview map of Rheindahlen-Land in the Monchengladbach borough. In the following Honschaften were part of the mayoralty of Rheindahlen: The postal code of Rheindahlen is Until the introduction of five-digit post codes it was Mönchengladbach 5. They could be fossils of Homo erectus Homo heidelbergensis and Neandertal Man.
In archaeological circles the site has been nationally well known since From the 3rd century A. The original name of Rheindahlen was Dale , which appeared probably in the 9th or 10th centuries when terrain names for settlements was common. The word Dale is derived in this case from Dal , which means "valley" or "hollow" and is similar to the English word "dale".
Whilst the name Dalen was used until around  and at the latest until , it changed in the early 18th century to Dahlen. Due to the number of places with the name Dahl , Dalheim , Dalem and Dalhem it became increasingly difficult for postal services, which began around , to distinguish between the individual settlements. Because of the location of Dahlen in the Rhine Province of Prussia, it was decided to rename the town Rheindahlen.
This was authorised by an act by the Prussian king, William I dated 24 December The act was published in the Prussian Ministerial Record on 15 February In the early 20th century the municipal authorities of the town of Rheindahlen advised that Rheindahlen should be incorporated into the town of Gladbach. This happened on 18 July and thus Rheindahlen lost its independence and from then on was called M. After the Second World War the name became Rheindahlen.
Dalen was first mentioned in as a village Lat.: Due to this translation error, Dalon was incorrectly held to be the present day Rheindahlen. However, it is more likely that Spangdahlem near Prüm in the Eifel was meant. Another indication that Dalon was not the later Dahlen is reinforced by the fact that neither in the present day Rheindahlen itself nor the surrounding villages have any traces from the time of the Carolingians or the Merovingians been found.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the German town. Location of Rheindahlen within Mönchengladbach West. Rheindahlener Geschichte , Mönchengladbach: Archived from the original on The named reference rheinprovinz was invoked but never defined see the help page.
Aus den neuesten Quellen geschöpft und zusammengestellt von mehreren Gelehrten ], I. Band , Düsseldorf, , p. Konrad Theiss Verlag 2: Festschrift zur Jahr-Feier , Rheindahlen: Ein Bildband , Mönchengladbach: Rheinland-Verlag- und Betriebsgesellschaft des Landschaftsverbandes Rheinland, p.