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Studentenbewegung China Peking Jugendbewegung. Add a review and share your thoughts with other readers. Finally, court decisions concerning the unborn are examined:
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Dokumente und Kommentar Author: German View all editions and formats Rating: Subjects Xin wen dao bao. View all subjects More like this Similar Items.
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Similar Items Related Subjects: Studentenbewegung China Peking Jugendbewegung. Linked Data More info about Linked Data. Thus pregnancy was a state of uncertainty and hope. The following nine articles outline how church, medicine, and state shifted their focus from the expectant mother toward the fetus. Nadia Maria Filippini traces the conceptual replacement of the female experience of pregnancy by scientific anatomy, and the consequences of the change for the rise of cesarean birth in eighteenth-century Italy.
Of special interest are two articles about the spiritualization of giving birth in the late seventeenth century. Patrice Veit finds pleas for assistance in Protestant hymnals to support the expectant mother. However, Ulrike Gleixner points to the ambivalence of this reliance in considering Pietist families: Gleixner wonders whether this passiveness might have paved the way for the subservience of patients to modern medicine p.
Juergen Schlumbohm and Paul Herschkorn-Banu examine the influence of maternal hospitals and their collection of data. According to Herschkorn-Banu, uncertainty changed into calculated risk when Paul Dubois, obstetrician in the Paris maternity hospital since , collected data regarding the relation between the fetus's heartbeat and its health state.
In consequence, statistical probability allowed physicians to identify risky situations and to intervene. A focus on the female experience and on individual cases was displaced by a focus on probability and risk as the prime parameter of obstetrics.
Space does not allow me to discuss Ulrike Enke's interesting observations about Soemmerring's search for the "ideal type" of embryonic development as sustained by his identification with the fetus, nor Nick Hopwood's findings about the tediously construed pieces of evidence of embryonic development during the nineteenth century. Finally, court decisions concerning the unborn are examined: Claudia Toengi interprets cases of violence against expectant mothers as a reaction not only against the mother but also against the unborn, thus highlighting the social existence of the unborn before birth.
Cornelie Usborne looks at statements of women who were accused of abortion in the s. She finds many expressions representing the female bodily experience as "bloodclots" instead of "fetus. This important collection offers a fascinating and detailed account of how the [End Page ] fetus changed from an incarnate part of female experience to a separate being, and of the role of religion, science, and the state in this transformation.
The present-day assumption that individual life starts at If you would like to authenticate using a different subscribed institution that supports Shibboleth authentication or have your own login and password to Project MUSE, click 'Authenticate'.