High-level design

Im Devisenmarkt werden die Kurse in anderen Währungen notiert.

For Mental Health:

Researchers discovered that a minute visit with man's best friend helped heart and lung function by lowering pressures, diminishing release of harmful hormones and decreasing anxiety among hospitalized heart failure patients. Benefits exceeded those that resulted from a visit with a human volunteer or from being left alone.

Animal-assisted therapy AAT has been shown to reduce blood pressure in healthy and hypertensive patients. It reduces anxiety in hospitalized patients, too. Still, the therapeutic approach of using dogs to soothe people's minds and improve health has been considered more a "nicety" than credible science, said Kathie M. To determine the potential benefits of animal-assisted therapy on health, the researchers studied 76 hospitalized heart failure patients and their reactions to a visit from either a human volunteer and dog team, a human volunteer only or no visit the at-rest group.

Patients were randomly assigned to one of these three approaches. The intervention lasted 12 minutes. In the volunteer-dog team group, specially trained dogs of 12 different breeds would lie on patients' beds, so patients could touch them while interacting with the volunteer-dog team. Researchers monitored patients' hemodynamics - the collective system of measurement for blood volume, heart function and resistance of the blood vessels.

They measured hemodynamic pressures just before the minute intervention, eight minutes into the intervention and four minutes after the intervention.

Investigators also measured epinephrine and norepinephrine levels at these three time points, and administered an anxiety test before and after the intervention. Researchers found that anxiety scores dropped 24 percent for participants who received a visit from the volunteer-dog team. Scores for the volunteer-only group dropped 10 percent and the at-rest group's score did not change. Researchers measured anxiety with the Spielberger's self report state anxiety inventory.

Levels of the stress hormone epinephrine dropped an average Pulmonary capillary wedge, the measurement of left atrial pressure, dropped an average 2.

However, it increased 3 percent for the volunteer-only group and increased 5 percent for the at-rest group.

Systolic pulmonary artery pressure, a measure of pressure in the lungs, dropped in the volunteer-dog team group 5 percent during and 5 percent after therapy. It rose during and after therapy in the other two groups. The volunteer-dog team group showed more improvement than the volunteer-only group in right atrial pressure, norepinephrine level and heart rate. Dogs are a great comfort.

They make people happier, calmer and feel more loved. That is huge when you are scared and not feeling well. Through our recommendations we're helping to improve the strategies adopted by German development cooperation players. We're committed to the working in partnership. We nvolve development partners in our evaluation processes to ensure that cooperation takes place between equals.

Open report here PDF. Open Meta-evaluation here PDF. Open Evaluation synthesis here PDF. The report "Fostering learning. To the summary of the review. Résumé en français PDF. Open evaluation synthesis here PDF. Donor-assisted land-use planning in the Philippines - a suitable tool to improve governance of land resources and disaster risk management? Partnerships with the private sector to enlist support from private companies in achieving sustainable development goals — a model for the future?

How do politicians, public administrators, and civil society actors in partner countries perceive the reform support provided by German development cooperation? How to improve impact-oriented planning and the preconditions for measuring impact in a new partner country?

Which contribution do non-financial elements of budget support make for meeting the objectives of this instrument?

Can development cooperation enable an environment that is conducive to stability? A guest contribution of the Policy Brief series presents the results of a long-term impact analysis in Northeast Afghanistan — Afghanistan is one of the main partners of German Development Cooperation.

The assessment of the evaluative work on German DC in Afghanistan conducted until the end of is being reviewed in a report. What are the lessons learnt?

We conduct strategic evaluations, develop and adapt evaluation methods and approaches and promote evaluation capacity development in the partner countries of German Development Cooperation.

Read more To reform or to transform? DEval and the Green Climate Fund enter cooperation to evaluate climate change adaptation programmes. Read more Strengthening evaluation in Latin America.

Evaluation synthesis on official German development cooperation in fragile contexts. Institutional Evaluation of Engagement Global.